Unit 8:Research

Inspirational Musicians

As my role during unit 8 has mainly been recording drums for a variety of different people, i have been watching different videos or reading interviews of some of my favorite drummers. Even though the genre didn’t really have anything to do with what i had to record. At the beginning of the unit i was really into the band ‘Machine Head’, one of the main drummers i have been looking at is ‘Dave Mcclain’. I watched the ‘Making of Unto The Locust’ (album), in the DVD  it shows Dave recording drums for the album, what drums he used, what type of tonality he was going for (The link for the 20 minutes documentary is down below).I also read an old ‘Rhythm Magazine’ i had found, which has an interview with Dave, where he talks about certain Microphones he uses and different factors that contribute to a good drum recording.

 

One of my favorite artists period is ‘Kendrick Lamar’. As well as doing computer based music, he also uses a lot of live instruments in his recordings and performance, he is very Jazz based in a lot of his music. As i am a huge fan of his music, I’ve researched a bit into his drummer ‘Tony ‘Rico’ Nichols’ by watching videos of his playing and talking about his set up and what cymbals he uses.In the videos Rico doesn’t actually play any Kendrick’s songs. 

 

Even though there are a lot of Hip Hop artists that use live instruments. I appreciate the fact that Kendrick has brought Jazz music more into the mainstream world. Jazz has always played it’s influence in the genre, however, i feel like with the new age of technology and modern equipment that can be used to create thousands of different sounds, Hip Hop has taken into that direction. However, even though Kendrick isn’t the only artist who does it, but he is the most well known to do it. He has used the key elements of jazz to create his music. In some songs you can even say he is rapping over Jazz music. This is key in songs like ‘How Much A Dollar Cost’. If you listen to his album ‘To Pimp A Butterfly’, you will hear the Jazz elements alongside the modern day hip-hop and it works really well.

 Improvements compared to previous unit

During unit 5 when i recorded there were certain aspects that i wanted to improve. For example, when i recorded for Jacob, we didn’t record drums for the whole song. We’d copy certain parts such as the verse or chorus, instead of just recording a different take. We only did this to save time as we had more things to do, with only a short amount of time left. Jacob and me both agreed that this was a lazy way to do things and either though it does work, it is better to either do another take or just record the song in one.

In all the recordings that we did before Unit 8, we could never seem to get a great bass drum quality during recording. It always seemed too come out quite flat. Therefore this time instead of just using an AKG D112, we put a Shure SM57 inside of the bass drum. This worked out really well. We got much more of the sound and it gave the bass drum much more of a punch at the end of the recording. Also instead of sending the inputs through the pre-amps and then straight into the desk. We decided too run the bass drum and the snare through the pre-amps and then through the compressor. The compressor helps tain the recording, in other words meant that the it kept the levels fairly equal.

Drum Tuning

The Pearl drum kit in the studio isn’t tuned very well and tuning drums is not as easy as tuning a guitar. I haven’t done as much research as i should have for tuning. However, after i had recorded most of my drums i found a page on drum tuning by Pearl (link below)

http://pearldrum.com/media/education/drum-tuning.pdf

For the future i am definitely going to make sure i spend more time on tuning drums. During recording throughout the year, i realized how important it is to make sure the drums a tuned. It always depends on what type of drum sound you are looking for. However, if the drum skin is too loose it is going to make the drum sound very flat, and if it is too tight it can be quite off key in compared to the other instruments, Or it may just not sound nice in the mix. The main drums i seem to have problems with tuning is the high and mid toms, they seem to be the ones which sound off tune compared to the rest of the kit.

Instead of excepting how the drums sound, next time i am going make sure i can get a very tight and clean sounding recording.

Drum sounds/equipment

With choosing drum equipment, it always down to preferences for every different drummer. I’ve used both Zildjian and Sabian cymbals, I enjoy using either one of them. Personally, I’ve enjoyed and got a better sound from using Sabian, however, this is a bit of a biased opinion as i have used much more Sabian then Zildjian. But judging on the Zildjian cymbals i used (can’t remember which series), i didn’t like the sound i got from them as much.

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In the studios their are two kits that are set up, which are, The Pearl Export studio kit and then the Yamaha in the performance hut. I enjoying playing the Yamaha kit more then the Pearl, because of it having a much more of a live and punchy sound. Where as the Pearl kit sounds quite flat overall, meaning we have to mic it and produce it quite a lot to get a decent enough recording to use. I’d rather prefer getting the most natural sound of the drum kit for recording, this also beneficial for playing live, as it would sound more similar to the recording. However, this is again down to preference on what you prefer as a drummer. I have not yet recorded with Yamaha kit, as i haven’t had the chance, due to not having enough time and it being used by other students.

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In the future i am definitely looking forward to record with Yamaha kit and see how great of a recording i can get.

Drum technique/ Rudiments

Drum technique is something that i find very important for playing. Personally, i think each drummer has their own technique and they should focus on improving their own technique and be influenced by various different musicians, rather then imitating other drummers. This is what defies the difference between a good drummer and a not so good drummer. For myself i think it is important to play as tight as possible and play clean, meaning not sounding messy and sloppy.  For every drummer i think that knowing your rudiments is important, as it is a basic technique that is very diverse for playing. You can use rudiments in almost anything you play and all i takes is practice. Rudiments are mainly what i base most of my playing off, you can use it both hand and also mix it up with foot technique.

There are so many different rudiments out there. The main ones being Paradiddles, flams and single and double stroke rolls. Their are different variations of each of these rudiments. Simple-Rudiments

 

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Unit 8: Week 6 & 7

I ended up missing the week before the gig, as I had personal problems to deal with. This then left the week of the gig to finish everything off for me. Initially my plan was to spend that week just rehearsing for the gig, but I didn’t know that I had one more song to record. This was ‘Nervous Breakdown’ by ‘Black Flag’. However, the song is very simple and therefore it was quite easy to catch the groove and play along too. We spent the Monday evening rehearsal, playing the song and I learnt it then, alongside rehearsing all the others. Then in Tuesday’s MIDI lesson we set up the drums in half an hour and then ten minutes to check the levels. We then had one run through of the song and then did the song in one whole take. However, as I kept messing up it took about three takes until we got a perfect take.

The gig turned out to be better then the Christmas gig. I run through one song in the sound check, which was “From First To Last’ with Jacob and Hallum. The gig then went pretty smoothly for me, considering we only had two rehearsals before hand. We played all the songs quite well and I kept in time through out all my performances. I felt like the two bar drum roll at the beginning of ‘Nervous Breakdown’ was much tighter and played well compared to during rehearsals. However, as a drummer I aim for perfection with my performance and I felt at certain points during playing, my technique was slacking and I noticed mistakes in my playing that others might not have noticed. Some being during Happier I failed to perform the ‘Four Stroke Roll’ (Drum rudiment/technique). I felt like it didn’t sound as good as it should, with a good level of dynamics. It was mainly little things like that, or hitting the crash when it wasn’t needed. Even though it may sound a bit petty I like to have a structured performance and if I am going to add something I didn’t do in rehearsal (fill, extra crash) then I want to make sure that it sounds tight and won’t affect the performance. Besides that I feel like the gig was enjoyable and went well. In the end we also never ended up playing ‘Breakup therapy’ as it was Joel’s song and he didn’t feel like it was ready enough to be performing.

Unit 8:Week 5

The week after I had to record drums for the song ‘Blush’ by ‘Wolfalice’ (link down below). This was Jasmine’s choice to cover and I didn’t know until the day we recorded. The recording process took quite a long time. We set up in under an hour and got all the levels right. However, as I didn’t know the song, I was going to play to the backing track, but the original wasn’t recorded to a metronome and the tempo changes throughout. Therefore, we spent quite a long time trying to see if we could find the right tempo or make it fit with the metronome but it just wasn’t working out and was taking too long. After running through the song a few times. We decided to record. We did it in one take instead of several as the drums just come in halfway through the track. Therefore, it wasn’t a long recording. After about two recordings, we kept the last recording as it was the best out of all of them.

Unit 8: Week 4

The following week most of the recording for ‘Happier’ were done. However, the mix was sounding a bit messy and the drums were falling out of time at certain points.. As Jack was producing he decided that he wanted me to re-record the drums. However, this was on Tuesday evening and we didn’t have as much time too record as we had planned other things to do.  In the end, it ended up working out perfectly. I set up drums in  around half an hour, whilst Jack was helping others. Then we checked levels, which took around 10 minutes. This was because i didn’t need the whole drum kit, and only set up four microphones. A D40 for the floor tom, SM57 inside the bass drum and a D112 and then a C1000 as the overhead for the cymbals. As i already recorded the song before, i knew the structure much better. Therefore, we did the whole song in one take, on time. It took less then five minutes, The recording was strong and in time. We then just recorded extra cymbals on certain parts which only took 2 minutes, then i was down with ‘Happier’.

Unit 8: Week 3

The week after half term I recorded drums for Jacob’s song ‘From First To Last’. We recorded the song in several different takes, instead of one take as I did for “Breakup Therapy’. This is because I didn’t know the full structure of the song. We ran through the different parts as we recorded. For example, we he would show me the intro several which was an 8 bar intro with the same beat. Then he’d show me the verse and then chorus and so on. We finished recording in around 2 hours, with good, strong recordings. The song was based of ‘The Libertines’ song ‘Horror Show’ (link down below). Jacob was not going for the most clean recording, therefore it didn’t matter if the take came off a bit messy. You can hear this most at the end of the recording. For the rest of the week I engineered for other people, helping them setting up amps, microphones and stands.

Unit 8: Week 2

During week two, we proceeded to record drums for Breakup Therapy on the Monday. Rory, Joel and me spent about twenty minutes running through the song, so that I have an idea on what to play. We then spent around just over an hour setting up the drums with microphones. Instead of just recording the drums through the pre-amps, we sent them through the compressor to give it a more punchy sound. I also decided to put an SM57 inside of the bass drum to get more of a punch on top of the D112. After sorting out levels, we ran through the song a few times. Then recorded drum on the third run through and it came out with a good strong sound. However, i felt like the structure of the song was very odd and too repetitive. Therefore, We agreed to cut out the third verse as it wasn’t need and the last chorus. We ended it with just a double chorus instead.

Unit 8: Week 1

During the first week of Unit 8, we had a pre production meeting to discuss the different roles that people would take, how many songs would be on the album, what songs and who will be taking part in each of the songs. Georgia decided to get started on the cover of ‘Happier’ by ‘Ed Sheeran’, so in the morning of that session Jack recorded a rough version of the guitar track. Then later during the evening, we decided to record drums. However, the song has orchestral drums, so I had to improvise. I used the bass drum, floor tom and a crash cymbal. As we only discussed doing that song in the morning, I didn’t have time to prepare for this recording. Therefore, I had to think outside the box and decided to se two bass drum beaters as sticks to get that orchestral sound, even though it wouldn’t sound as well as a real orchestral instrument. The floor tom still managed to get a good enough sound. I used a D112 on the bass drum, D40 for the floor tom and a c1000 as an overhead. I got my recording finished in around an hour and a half.

Tuesday wasn’t a very productive day. Our aim was to record drums for ‘Breakup Therapy’ a song that Joel and Rory wrote, however, I had never heard the song before and as it is more complex then ‘Happier’ I struggled to play along to it. We wasted three hours out of our four trying to set up to get the best sound, however, in the end this did not give enough time for me to learn and record the song in full. We used the full rhythm pack (D112,D40’S, C430’s) alongside a Pro- Series on the HI-Hat

Recording Sessions

November Sessions

The November lessons were based on completing the assignment due in December. The assignment brief was:

Work as a production team to produce a demo recording. This  recording must feature microphone recordings and should also include some basic mixing techniques. You should record your performance piece and this must be radio friendly. 

7/11/16

Session objectives:  1) To have completed the studio test

2) To have chosen a track to record

This lesson was quite basic as we didn’t have to record anything as such yet. We spent the lesson discussing what song we would do as a group. By the end of it we had decided on doing ‘Fools Gold by ‘The Stone Roses’.We got a basic Bass recording for the demo. I also completed the studio test in this lesson. The reason for the studio test, is to make sure you know the rules of the studio and to know how to use the studio, even if it is just basic

 

14/11/16

Session Objectives:  To have made progress with recording/production

We spent this session recording the guitars for the demo.We recorded using a D.I. (Direct Injection). We got the rhythm guitar recorded first and then the lead guitar. After we had finished this. We re- recorded the bass track.

How Direct Injection works

Direct Injection reduces the risk of interference by turning an unbalanced into a balanced signal. For Example a bass guitar, acoustic guitar or synth has an unbalanced output signal. Unbalanced signals pick up buzz and radio frequency interference. Balanced connections and cabling combat this problem.

 

21/11/16

Session Objectives: Have experimented with different techniques.

Have made progress with recording

 

In this session i recorded the drum track for the group performance.It was a basic recording as it was only a demo, we didn’t worry to much on getting the greatest sound. We only used a total of four microphones. We used:

-AKG D40 for toms -Shure SM57 for Snare-AKG D112 for Bass Drum-AKG C430 (Overhead)

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Recording Sessions 

October Sessions

3/10/16

Sessions objectives: 1. Demonstrate the ability to power up studio safely

2. Demonstrate the ability to record found songs

In this session the main objective was to record a short piece of my music with an instrument using a Shure Sm58 microphone. We did this in a group of four. Part of the session was also dedicated to just practise studio set up. We recorded  a short piece with vocals and sounds of tapping  through input 9 on the desk into Logic.



10/10/16

Session objectives: 1. To have listened to recordings made

2. To be introduced to the assignment

3. To have used the Patchbay

We spent the time in this session to edit the track through logic. Adding extra reverb and delay through logic. We also practised using the patch bay.

How the patch bay works? 

So instead of plugging the microphone straight into the desk. The mic is being run through the TL audio( pre- amp), which is then run though the patch bay and the patch bay is then plugged into the desk. 



31/10/16

Session objectives: 1. To have formed working studio gear and decide on a track

2.  To know about 2 different mic types

In this session we learned about the differences between dynamic and condenser microphone. The advances and disadvantages about the them. The microphones we compared was the Shure SM58 and Rode NT2a. 

img_0316Shure SM58 (Dynamic)

  • Has a built in Pop Filter. A pop filter is what  reduces the ‘popping’ sounds caused by the mechanical impact of fast moving air on the microphone during recorded speech and  singing.
  •  It has a a tougher and thicker Diaphragm. Tougher meaning it is durable and Thicker meaning it is less sensitive to bleed.

rodeRode NT2A (Condenser)

  • Needs phantom power (48 volts) in order to power it up
  • It is much more sensitive, not just to volume but frequency. This means it will pick up much more frequency
  • It is used more in studios

Performance Sessions

NOVEMBER PERFORMANCE SESSIONS

 

Performance – 07.11.16 

Session objectives: 

1. Print of chord charts for songs

2. Rehearse some of the songs 

Although we had decided on 5 songs the previous week. 4 of the song choices ended up changing. It wasn’t the most active session. Most of the session involved the guitarists learning the tabs/chords for the song and discussing the tuning’s of the piece. However,we did run through The intro up to the end of the verse for ‘Misery Business by Paramore’. 

 

Performance – 14.11.16 

Session Objectives: To rehearse the songs for the gig

Once again we ended up changing the song choices for the gig. This is because as a group we felt as if we were trying to push to much in the short amount of time up to the gig. Also, because we did not know the song structure well enough and therefore thought we should choose songs which we know the structure better. 

With just over three weeks till the gig our final song choices were: 

Neck Deep – December (this was one song choice that we hadn’t changed)

Kings Of Leon – Use Somebody

Gloria Jones – Tainted Love 

We roughly ran through The beginning of December and the whole of Tainted Love. It needed a lot of work at this stage. 

Performance – 21.11.16

Session Objective: To identify areas of your performance that need work

This session was completely practical. We spent the whole lesson to run through the songs for the gig. However, instead of  just playing our instruments like normal, we set up microphones as they would be for the gig. My set up for the drum kit was:

AKG D112 for the Bass/ kick drum

Shure SM57 for the snare Drum

AKG C1000 as an overhead